Sabine's Gull

About the Sabine's Gull

Also known as: Fork-tailed Gull

The Sabine's Gull is a small species of gull that breeds across parts of the Arctic. They are highly migratory; many birds travel down to coastal areas around South America and southern Africa for the winter.

In most taxonomies, the Sabine's Gull is considered to be the only bird in its genus, Xema. Its general behavior and especially its hunting-style and flight are all particularly tern-like.

Sabine's Gulls are named for the Irish ornithologist and explorer Sir Edward Sabine. Two other birds are named after Sabine: Sabine's Puffback (a kind of bushshrike) and Sabine's Spinetail (a type of swift).

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 02 January 2015
Scientific Name
Xema sabini
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Xema
  • X. sabini
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 4 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
13.4 inches
5.5 to 75 ounces


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) gaivota-de-sabine
Chinese (汉语) 叉尾鸥
Czech (Cesky) racek Sabinův
Danish (Dansk) Sabinemåge
Dutch (Nederlands) Vorkstaartmeeuw
Finnish (Suomi) tiiralokki
French (Français) Mouette de Sabine
German (Deutsch) Schwalbenmöwe
Italian (Italiano) Gabbiano di Sabine
Japanese (日本語) クビワカモメ [kubiwakamome]
Korean (한국어) 목테갈매기
Norwegian (Norsk) Sabinemåke
Polish (Polski) mewa obrożna
Russian (русский язык) Вилохвостая чайка
Spanish (Español) Gaviota de Sabine
Swedish (Svenska) Tärnmås
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