Southern Cassowary

About the Southern Cassowary

Also known as: Double-wattled Cassowary, Australian Cassowary, Two-wattled Cassowary

The Southern Cassowary is a large species of flightless bird native to Indonesia, New Guinea and parts of Australia.

Southern Cassowaries have large, powerful feet which feature a dagger-like claw on the inner of three toes. These sharp claws can be fatal to predators, including humans, if the bird is provoked.

Southern Cassowaries are omnivorous, eating fungi, insects, and small vertebrates. They also eat a variety of fruit, some of which is toxic to other creatures.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 24 November 2011
Scientific Name
Casuarius casuarius
  • Casuariiformes
  • Casuariidae
  • Casuarius
  • C. casuarius
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Vulnerable (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
50 to 75 inches
1024 to 3040 ounces


From IUCN Red List:
The Southern Cassowary is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species is believed to have undergone a rapid decline in the last three generations (44 years) in Australia, and declines of a similar magnitude elsewhere in its range are possible, with local extirpations reported from parts of New Guinea. It is therefore classified as Vulnerable. However, the decline in Australia resulted from an extraordinary rate of habitat destruction which has virtually ceased. Further information from New Guinea may indicate that the species would be better listed as Near Threatened if hunting and high-impact industrial logging does not increase in the large areas of existing habitat there.

International Names

Czech (Cesky) kasuár přílbový
Danish (Dansk) Hjelmkasuar
Dutch (Nederlands) Helmcasuarius
Finnish (Suomi) kypäräkasuaari
French (Français) Casoar à casque
German (Deutsch) Helmkasuar
Italian (Italiano) Casuario australiano
Japanese (日本語) ヒクイドリ (hikuidori)
Norwegian (Norsk) Toflikkasuar
Polish (Polski) kazuar helmiasty
Russian (русский язык) обыкновенный казуар
Spanish (Español) Casuario Común
Swedish (Svenska) Hjälmkasuar
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