Abyssinian Ground Hornbill
The Abyssinian Ground Hornbill is a large species of bird found in sub-Saharan parts of Africa, north of the equator. It is one of two species of ground hornbill; the other is the Southern Ground Hornbill.
Abyssinian Ground Hornbills, also known as Northern Ground Hornbills, are striking birds. They have a black plumage with white primary feathers which are often obscured unless the bird is in flight. They have long legs and prefer walking or running over flying, when possible. Their large beaks are topped with a casque - a hard protrusion. Bare skin around the eye is blue and the throat is colored. Males have red throats and females have blue throats.
Details & Statistics
The Abyssinian Ground Hornbill is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.