Canada Geese have a black head and neck with white 'chinstrap'. There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details, but all are recognizable as Canada Geese. The similar Cackling Goose was split from this species; they are smaller and have different proportions than Canada Geese.
Like most geese, the Canada Goose is migratory with the wintering range being most of the United States.
Canada Geese have reached western Europe naturally, as has been proved by ringing recoveries. They are also found naturally on the Kamchatka Peninsula in eastern Siberia, eastern China, and throughout Japan.