Common Crane

About the Common Crane

Also known as: Crane, Eurasian Crane, European Crane, Grey Crane, Gray Crane

The Common Crane is a medium-sized species of Old World crane. They are migratory, with a large breeding range that spans across much of Eastern Europe through Asia. They winter in northern and eastern Africa, southern Europe, parts of the Middle East, and far eastern Asia.

While breeding season will find these birds in solitary pairs, they are fairly gregarious outside of breeding, with flocks of up to 400 birds staying together during migration and flocks of thousands of cranes congregating on staging grounds.

Though the Common Crane is now extirpated from Ireland (they are no longer found in the wild there), the species figures in Irish folklore and culture. The bird has been absent from Ireland for more than 200 years. Despite this and other local extirpations, the species is not globally threatened.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 18 March 2015
Scientific Name
Grus grus
  • Gruiformes
  • Gruidae
  • Grus
  • G. grus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 May 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
40 to 52 inches
71 to 96 inches
106 to 215 ounces


International Names

Chinese (汉语) 灰鹤
Czech (Cesky) jeřáb popelavý
Danish (Dansk) Trane
Dutch (Nederlands) Kraanvogel
Finnish (Suomi) kurki
French (Français) Grue cendrée
German (Deutsch) Kranich
Italian (Italiano) Gru cenerina
Japanese (日本語) クロヅル [kuroduru]
Korean (한국어) 검은목두루미
Norwegian (Norsk) Trane
Polish (Polski) żuraw
Portuguese (Português) Grou-comum
Russian (русский язык) Серый журавль
Spanish (Español) Grulla Común
Swedish (Svenska) Trana
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