European Goldfinch

About the European Goldfinch
Also known as: Goldfinch

The European Goldfinch is a small, colorful songbird found across Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia. It is easily recognizable by its bright red face, black-and-white head, and vibrant yellow wing patches. The rest of its plumage is a mix of brown, white, and black, making it one of the most striking finches.

European Goldfinches inhabit a variety of environments, including woodlands, gardens, and farmlands. They primarily feed on seeds, particularly those of thistles and dandelions, using their slender bills to extract seeds from plants. Insects also form part of their diet, especially during the breeding season.

Their song is a delightful mix of twitters and trills, often heard in open areas where they forage and nest. European goldfinches build their nests in trees and shrubs, using moss, grass, and feathers. A typical clutch consists of 4-6 eggs, which are incubated by the female for about two weeks.

These birds are highly social and often form flocks outside the breeding season, enhancing their foraging efficiency and protection from predators. Their striking appearance and melodious song make them a favorite among birdwatchers.

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Details & Statistics

International Names

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