Iceland Gull

About the Iceland Gull
Also known as: Thayer's Gull, Kumlien's Gull, White-winged Gull
Iceland Gull
The Iceland Gull is a medium-sized species of migratory gull. They breed in the Arctic. Many bird winter around the Great Lakes and the northeastern United States.

Iceland Gulls feed on fish which are often taken from the surface of the water without landing. They also eat other marine animals as well as eggs from other birds and scraps found in dumps or sewage.

The Iceland Gull has an interesting taxonomical history. As of 2017 there are considered to be three subspecies of Iceland Gull. The species was "lumped" together with the formerly separate Thayer's Gull in 2017. The other subspecies are the nominate Iceland and Kumilien's.
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Details & Statistics


The Iceland Gull is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

International Names

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