Purple Gallinule

About the Purple Gallinule

Also known as: Purple Gallinule, Yellow-legged Gallinule
The Purple Gallinule is a species in the rail family that is native to parts of the Americas. They can be found in wet habitats like swamps, ponds and lakes, and marshes.

Adult Purple Gallinules are easily recognized. They have purplish-blue underparts and iridescent green upperparts. The bill is bright red and yellow and topped off with a sky blue forehead shield. The legs are long and yellow with oversized yellow feet.

Purple Gallinules are omnivores that feed on a varied diet. They will eat vegetable material like seeds, leaves, and fruit, as well as prey items including frogs, fish, snails, and spiders.
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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 04 December 2016
Scientific Name
Porphyrio martinicus
  • Gruiformes
  • Rallidae
  • Porphyrio
  • P. martinicus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
14.2 to 14.6 inches
21.7 inches
7.3 to 10.2 ounces


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) Frango-d'água-azul
Chinese (汉语) 紫青水鸡
Czech (Cesky) slípka žlutonohá
Danish (Dansk) Amerikansk Sultanhøne
Dutch (Nederlands) Amerikaans Purperhoen
Finnish (Suomi) siniliejukana
French (Français) Talève violacée
German (Deutsch) Zwergsultanshuhn
Italian (Italiano) Pollo sultano della Martinica
Japanese (日本語) アメリカムラサキバン [amerikamurasakiban]
Norwegian (Norsk) Amerikapurpurhøne
Polish (Polski) sultanka amerykanska
Portuguese (Português) Galinha-d'água-azul
Russian (русский язык) Малая султанка
Spanish (Español) Calamoncillo Americano
Swedish (Svenska) amerikansk sultanhöna
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