The White-rumped Vulture is an Old World species that lives in parts of the Indian Peninsula and across Southeast Asia. The species is also known as the Oriental White-backed Vulture.
White-rumped Vultures have black bodies with white backs and white neck ruff feathers. The naked head is dark grey with pink tinges and a silvery pointed beak.
The White-rumped Vulture is critically endangered. The species was considered the most abundant large bird of prey in the world at least into the 1980s. Since then it has suffered a 99% loss in population, due in large part to secondary poisoning via the livestock drug diclofenac. The use of safe alternatives to this drug may help save this species from the brink of extinction.