The American Crow is a large passerine bird species of the Corvidae family. It is a common bird found throughout North America. Entirely black in color, it is an easily recognized bird.
American Crows have a lifespan of 7 to 8 years. The most usual call is a loud, short, and rapid 'caah-caah-caah'. Usually, the birds thrust their heads up and down as they utter this call. American Crows can also produce a wide variety of sounds and sometimes mimic noises made by other animals, including other birds.
The range of the American Crow extends from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean in Canada, on the French islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, south through the United States, and into northern Mexico. Virtually all types of country from wilderness, farmland, parks, open woodland to towns and major cities are inhabited. The crow is generally a permanent resident, but many birds in the northern parts of the range migrate short distances southward. Outside of the nesting season, these birds often gather in large communal roosts at night.