American Goldfinch

About the American Goldfinch

Also known as: Wild Canary, Eastern Goldfinch

The American Goldfinch is a typical North American seed-eating member of the finch family. It breeds across southern Canada from British Columbia to Newfoundland and through most of the United States north of the Gulf and core Southwestern States.

It prefers trees in open places, especially in orchards and along roadsides. As winter approaches, the goldfinch moves short distances towards the south. Its winter range includes southern British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and most of the United States.

It is the state bird of Iowa, New Jersey, and Washington.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 15 September 2006
Scientific Name
Carduelis tristis
  • Passeriformes
  • Fringillidae
  • Carduelis
  • C. tristis
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
4 to 5 inches
7 to 9 inches
0.39 to 0.71 ounces

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 美洲金翅雀
Czech (Cesky) čížek žlutý
Danish (Dansk) Guldsisken
Dutch (Nederlands) Treursijs
Finnish (Suomi) Amerikantikli
French (Français) Chardonneret Jaune
German (Deutsch) Goldzeisig
Italian (Italiano) Lucherino Americano
Japanese (日本語) オウゴンヒワ (Ougonhiwa)
Norwegian (Norsk) Gulstillits
Polish (Polski) Czyz Zlotawy
Russian (русский язык) Американс&
Spanish (Español) Dominiquito Canario
Swedish (Svenska) Guldsiska
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Related articles & downloads

Baby Birdorable: American Goldfinch

Baby Birdorable: American Goldfinch

If you think our Birdorable birds are cute as adults, what about when they are babies? Below are some baby photos (shared via Flickr) of the American Goldfinch. American Goldfinches breed relatively ... more
Strictly Veg American Goldfinch

Strictly Veg American Goldfinch

American Goldfinches are common backyard feeder birds across much of North America. These small birds will eat nyger seed and sunflower seeds when provided at feeding stations. They will, of course, also ... more