Dark-eyed Junco

About the Dark-eyed Junco

The Dark-eyed Junco is the best-known species of junco. Adult Dark-eyed Juncos are generally grey on top with a white belly. There are several sub-species of Dark-eyed Junco, each with a different appearance. The slate-colored subspecies is shown here, but in total we have six different subspecies in the cute Birdorable style.

Juvenile Juncos often have pale streaks and may even be mistaken for a Vesper Sparrow until they acquire adult plumage at 2 to 3 months.

The breeding habitat of these birds is coniferous or mixed forest areas throughout North America. Juncos usually nest in a cup shaped depression on the ground, well hidden by vegetation or other material, although the Junco is sometimes found in the lower branches of a shrub or tree. The nests of these birds have an outer diameter of about 10cm and are lined with fine grasses and hair.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 15 September 2006
Scientific Name
Junco hyemalis
  • Passeriformes
  • Emberizidae
  • Junco
  • J. hyemalis
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 6 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
5.5 to 6.3 inches
7.1 to 9.8 inches
.6 to 1.1 ounces

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 暗眼灯草鹀
Czech (Cesky) Strnadec Zimní
Danish (Dansk) Mørkøjet Junco
Dutch (Nederlands) Grijze Junco
Finnish (Suomi) Tummajunkko
French (Français) Junco Ardoisé
German (Deutsch) Junko
Italian (Italiano) Junco Occhiscuri
Japanese (日本語) ユキヒメドリ (Yukihimedori)
Norwegian (Norsk) Vinterjunko
Polish (Polski) Junko
Russian (русский язык) Серый юнко
Spanish (Español) Junco Pizarroso
Swedish (Svenska) Mörkögd Junco
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Related articles & downloads

Dark-eyed Juncos: 10 Fun Facts

Dark-eyed Juncos: 10 Fun Facts

Dark-eyed Juncos are small migratory songbirds that live across parts of North America. Here are some cool facts about the Dark-eyed Junco: 1) Because of their high population (estimated at 630 million ... more