The Gouldian Finch is a small species of finch native to Australia. This colorful little bird is known for its amazing plumage including feathers of red, yellow, green, and black.
Gouldian Finches, like most species of finch, specialize in eating seeds. Depending on the season, they forage for seed on the ground or pick seeds from living plants.
Gouldian Finches were first described for science in 1844 by the British bird artist John Gould, who named the bird for his wife.
Gouldian Finches are cavity nesters. Four to eight eggs are laid and both parents will incubate until the eggs hatch. Fledging occurs at 19 to 23 days.
Because of their spectacular plumage, Gouldian Finches are popular in aviculture, where many different color mutations are bred.
From IUCN Red List
The Gouldian Finch is listed as Near Threatened
on the IUCN Red List
and was last assessed in 2013 by BirdLife International. This species has been downlisted to Near Threatened because past population declines appear to have ceased, despite ongoing threats from grazing and fire management. Nevertheless, the total population remains small and is precautionarily suspected to contract to approaching 1,000 mature individuals at the end of the dry season.