Also known as: Jack Pine Warbler, Kirtland's Wood Warbler
The Kirtland's Warbler is a small songbird in the warbler family. They have bluish grey faces and backs, with yellow throats and bellies. Females are duller than males. They are often seen pumping their tails.
The species requires a very specific habitat for breeding: large areas of young jack pine trees. Due to habitat loss, the Kirtland's Warbler was nearly extinct just 50 years ago. They are highly susceptible to parasitism by Brown-headed Cowbirds as well. Today, through conservation work, the bird is recovering, but still rare.
The Kirtland's Warbler breeds in areas of Michigan, Wisconsin and Ontario. The birds spend the winter in the Bahamas and other islands of the West Indies.
Kirtland's Warblers feed on insects gleaned from small trees, and small fruits. They build their nests of open cups on the ground using grass, plant material, and pine needles.
From IUCN Red List: The Kirtland's Warbler is listed as Near Threatened
on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. Since 1987, conservation action has successfully increased the population of this species. Numbers exceeded 500 singing males in 1994 following doubling of suitably aged habitat between 1987 and 1990. Numbers continue to increase, but its population and range remain small, hence its classification as Near Threatened.
Paruline de Kirtland
Dendroica di Kirtland
The Kirtland's Warbler is a small songbird in the warbler family. The species requires a specific habitat -- jack pine forest -- for breeding. Male Kirtland's Warblers can be recognized by their ... more
Several warblers are named for their beautiful plumage, like the Black-throated Blue Warbler, Golden-winged Warbler, and Chestnut-sided Warbler. But many warblers are named for other traits, including habitat types and physical locations, ... more