Martial Eagle

About the Martial Eagle
Also known as: Martial Hawk-Eagle
Martial Eagle

The Martial Eagle is a large bird of prey that lives in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. This is the largest species of eagle in all of Africa and an extremely powerful apex predator at the top of the food chain.

Adult Martial Eagles have a striking plumage, with dark upperparts and a speckled cream-colored belly. The head has a short crest and they have yellow eyes. It takes Martial Eagles seven years to reach their full adult plumage.

Martial Eagles are known for their size, their power, and their amazing eyesight, which is thought to be over 3 times more keen than humans.

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Details & Statistics


The Martial Eagle is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2013 by BirdLife International. This species has been uplisted to Vulnerable because it is suspected to have undergone rapid declines during the past three generations (56 years) owing to deliberate and incidental poisoning, habitat loss, reduction in available prey, pollution and collisions with power lines. Further information on trends across its large range may lead to its further uplisting to Endangered in the future.

International Names

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