The Pine Grosbeak is a large species of finch that breeds across coniferous forests in Canada and parts of the far northern United States, and across parts of Scandinavia and Siberia. Some birds move south for the winter; flocks move sporadically depending on success of cone crop in a particular area.
Pine Grosbeaks are gregarious, often traveling and foraging in large flocks. They are also known to have a rather tame disposition. Males have a beautiful plumage with reddish feathers on the head, chest, and back. Black, white, and grey feathers complete the spiffy look of a male Pine Grosbeak. Females have an overall grey body plumage with rust or orange coloring around the head, neck, and face.
Details & Statistics
The Pine Grosbeak is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.