Scarlet Tanager

About the Scarlet Tanager

The Scarlet Tanager has a pale stout smooth bill and adult males are bright red with black wings and tail. Females are yellowish on the underparts and olive on top, with olive-brown wings and tail. The adult male's winter plumage is similar to the female's, but the wings and tail remain darker.

The breeding habitat of the Scarlet Tanager is large forested areas across eastern North America. They build a cup nest on horizontal tree branches. They migrate to northwestern South America and do best in the forest interior, where they are less exposed to predators. Unfortunately, their numbers are declining in some areas due to forest fragmentation.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 05 August 2007
Scientific Name
Piranga olivacea
  • Passeriformes
  • Thraupidae
  • Piranga
  • P. olivacea
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 8 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
6 to 7 inches


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) Sanhaçu-escarlate
Czech (Cesky) Tangara šarlatová
Danish (Dansk) Skarlagentangar
Dutch (Nederlands) Zwartvleugel-tangare
Finnish (Suomi) Tulitangara
French (Français) Tangara Écarlate
German (Deutsch) Scharlachtangare
Italian (Italiano) Piranga Scarlatta
Japanese (日本語) アカフウキンチョウ (Akafuukinchou)
Korean (한국어) 풍금새 (Punggeumsae)
Norwegian (Norsk) Rødtanagar
Polish (Polski) Piranga Szkarlatna
Russian (русский язык) Красно-чёрная танагра
Spanish (Español) Quitrique Rojo
Swedish (Svenska) Scharlakanstangara
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North America's Tanagers

The tanagers are a family of songbirds found across the Americas. These small birds tend to be colorful; often males are more brightly plumaged than females. Tanagers in name only?There are four species ... more