Trumpeter Hornbill

About the Trumpeter Hornbill

The Trumpeter Hornbill is a species of hornbill found in southern parts of Africa. They are social birds, living in family groups of 3 to 5 birds. They sometimes feed and roost in large groups of up to 50 individuals.

Trumpeter Hornbills are named for their call, which is a high-pitched bray that sounds like a baby crying.

Hornbills have an unusual nesting practice. They nest in natural tree cavities. Prior to incubation, the entrance to the cavity is sealed by a wall constructed by the mother bird (sometimes with assistance from the male). During incubation, the female receives all food from her mate through a small hole in the wall. Once the baby birds hatch, they also receive all of their food through the nest cavity wall hole. Once the babies grow larger, the female bird will break out but the chicks remain inside. They continue growing while receiving food from both adults through the repaired nest cavity wall.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 13 July 2012
Scientific Name
Bycanistes bucinator
  • Coraciiformes
  • Bucerotidae
  • Bycanistes
  • B. bucinator
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 27 September 2017)
LC
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Measurements
Units: Imperial / Metric
23 to 26 inches
16 to 35 ounces

International Names

Chinese 噪犀鸟
Czech zoborožec naříkavý
Danish Trompetérhornfugl
Dutch Trompetneushoornvogel
Finnish trumpettisarvinokka
French Calao trompette
German Trompeterhornvogel
Italian Bucero trombettiere
Japanese ナキサイチョウ [nakisaichou]
Norwegian Trompeterhornfugl
Polish dzioborozec trabiacy
Russian Калао-трубач
Spanish Cálao Trompetero
Swedish Trumpethornkorp
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