Barn Swallow

About the Barn Swallow

Also known as: Swallow

The Barn Swallow is one of the most widespread birds in the world. It can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. The global population is estimated at 190 million. It has blue upperparts, a long forked tail and pointed wings.

It is a bird of open country and it normally uses man-made structures to breed by building a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or on other buildings. It feeds on insects and has therefore been tolerated by humans when it shares their buildings for nesting.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 18 November 2008
Scientific Name
Hirundo rustica
  • Passeriformes
  • Hirundinidae
  • Hirundo
  • H. rustica
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 7 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
6.7 to 7.5 inches
12.6 to 13.6 inches
0.56 to 0.78 ounces


International Names

Brazilian (Português brasileiro) Andorinha-de-bando
Czech (Cesky) Vlaštovka Lesklá
Danish (Dansk) Landsvale
Dutch (Nederlands) Boerenzwaluw
Finnish (Suomi) Haarapääsky
French (Français) Hirondelle Rustique
German (Deutsch) Rauchschwalbe
Italian (Italiano) Rondine Comune
Japanese (日本語) ツバメ (Afurikatsubame)
Korean (한국어) 제비 (Jebi)
Norwegian (Norsk) Låvesvale
Polish (Polski) Jaskólka Rdzawogardla
Russian (русский язык) Деревенск&
Spanish (Español) Golondrina Común
Swedish (Svenska) Ladusvala
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Baby Birdorable: Barn Swallow

Baby Birdorable: Barn Swallow

If you think our Birdorable birds are cute as adults, what about when they are babies? Below are some baby photos (shared via Flickr Creative Commons) of the Barn Swallow. Barn Swallows ... more