Martial Eagle

About the Martial Eagle

Also known as: Martial Hawk-Eagle

The Martial Eagle is a large bird of prey that lives in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. This is the largest species of eagle in all of Africa and an extremely powerful apex predator at the top of the food chain.

Adult Martial Eagles have a striking plumage, with dark upperparts and a speckled cream-colored belly. The head has a short crest and they have yellow eyes. It takes Martial Eagles seven years to reach their full adult plumage.

Martial Eagles are known for their size, their power, and their amazing eyesight, which is thought to be over 3 times more keen than humans.

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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 16 May 2015
Scientific Name
Polemaetus bellicosus
  • Accipitriformes
  • Accipitridae
  • Polemaetus
  • P. bellicosus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Vulnerable (as of 14 August 2015)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
31 to 38 inches
74 to 102 inches
106 to 219 ounces



From IUCN Red List:
The Martial Eagle is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2013 by BirdLife International. This species has been uplisted to Vulnerable because it is suspected to have undergone rapid declines during the past three generations (56 years) owing to deliberate and incidental poisoning, habitat loss, reduction in available prey, pollution and collisions with power lines. Further information on trends across its large range may lead to its further uplisting to Endangered in the future.

International Names

Chinese (汉语) 猛雕
Czech (Cesky) orel bojovný
Danish (Dansk) Kampørn
Dutch (Nederlands) Vechtarend
Finnish (Suomi) gasellikotka
French (Français) Aigle martial
German (Deutsch) Kampfadler
Italian (Italiano) Aquila marziale
Japanese (日本語) ゴマバラワシ [gomabarawashi]
Norwegian (Norsk) Kampørn
Polish (Polski) wojownik zbrojny
Portuguese (Português) Águia-marcial
Russian (русский язык) Боевой орёл
Spanish (Español) Águila Marcial
Swedish (Svenska) Stridsörn
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