Scaly-headed Parrot

About the Scaly-headed Parrot
Also known as: Scaly-headed Pionus, Maximilian Pionus, Maximilian's Parrot
Scaly-headed Parrot
The Scaly-headed Parrot is a medium-sized species of parrot found in South America. Its range extends across much of eastern South America, from Brazil down to northern Argentina. They are typically found in wooded habitat.

The Scaly-headed Parrot can be recognized by its mostly green plumage, red vent, and greyish scalloped ("scaly") head. There are four recognized subspecies; ours is P. m. siy of the Pantanal, showing a white eye-ring.

Scaly-headed Parrots are popular in aviculture, where they are known by some different names, including Scaly-headed Pionus, Maximilian Pionus, or Maximilian Parrot. They may live 40 years or more in captivity and are known for their intelligence and relaxed personality.
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Details & Statistics


The Scaly-headed Parrot is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and was last assessed in 2012 by BirdLife International. This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

International Names

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2018 Bonanza Bird #10: Scaly-headed Parrot

Today we wrap up our 2018 Birdorable Bonanza with a species of South American parrot: the Scaly-headed Parrot! This pretty bird is a medium-sized parrot native to eastern parts of South America, where it can be found in a variety of...  Read more »