Spotted Towhee

About the Spotted Towhee

Also known as: Rufous-sided Towhee, Arctic Towhee
The Spotted Towhee is a large species of sparrow found in western parts of North America. The species is closely related to the Eastern Towhee; the two were once considered to be subspecies of the same species. There is a lot of variety in size and plumage in this species and there are at least 20 subspecies recognized by ornithologists.

Spotted Towhees nest low to the ground, either in bushes or directly on the ground. Their preferred breeding habitat includes chaparral scrubland.

Spotted Towhees feed on insects and plant material. They forage on the ground by scratching at leaf litter for crickets, beetles, caterpillars, and other insects, as well as seeds, fruits, and acorns.
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Details & Statistics

Added to Birdorable
Hatched on 20 December 2015
Scientific Name
Pipilo maculatus
  • Passeriformes
  • Emberizidae
  • Pipilo
  • P. maculatus
Birdorable Family
Conservation Status
Least Concern (as of 15 April 2020)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Extinct in the Wild (EW)
  • Extinct (EX)
Source: IUCN Red List
Units: Imperial / Metric
6.7 to 8.3 inches
11 inches
1.2 to 1.7 ounces


International Names

Chinese (汉语) 斑唧鹀
Czech (Cesky) pipilo skvrnitý
Danish (Dansk) Plettet Buskspurv
Dutch (Nederlands) Gevlekte Towie
Finnish (Suomi) lännenloistopipilo
French (Français) Tohi tacheté
Italian (Italiano) Touì macchiato
Japanese (日本語) ワキアカトウヒチョウ [wakiakatouhichou]
Norwegian (Norsk) Flekktovi
Polish (Polski) pipil czarnogrzbiety
Russian (русский язык) Пятнистый тоухи
Spanish (Español) Rascador Ojirrojo
Swedish (Svenska) Fläckig busksparv
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