Species Profile

Feathers of Green: Learn About the Green Jay

Birdorable Green Jay

The Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas) is a vibrant jewel among birds, with its dazzling array of green, blue, black, and yellow feathers. Native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, and spotted as far north as the southern tips of Texas, the Green Jay is an avian example of nature's colorful palette. These birds are not only a feast for the eyes but also play a vital role in their ecosystems, embodying the interconnectedness of life within their habitats.

One of the most striking features of the Green Jay is its colorful plumage, which blends seamlessly with the lush tropical environments it inhabits. This brilliant coloration serves as camouflage, hiding them from predators as they move through the foliage. The blend of greens and blues mirrors the dappled sunlight filtering through the trees, while their brighter colors dazzle and distract. Their appearance is not just for show; it's a survival strategy honed by evolution.

In addition to their beauty, Green Jays are known for their intelligence and complex social behavior. They are corvids, after all, part of a family of birds that includes crows and ravens, all known for their social interactions and intelligence.

Green Jays live in family groups and exhibit cooperative breeding behaviors, where not only the parents but also older siblings participate in raising each batch of young. This communal lifestyle strengthens social bonds and increases the survival rate of their offspring.

The Green Jay's diet is omnivorous, including insects, seeds, and fruits, which makes them important seed dispersers and pest controllers in their ecosystems. Their foraging behavior contributes to the health and regeneration of their forest homes, showcasing their role as ecological engineers.

Green Jay by Dominic Sherony (CC BY-SA 2.0 DEED)

Green Jays are also notable for their vocalizations, which include a variety of calls and mimicked sounds. Their ability to mimic the calls of other birds and potentially even human-made noises demonstrates their adaptability and intelligence. These vocal skills are not merely for communication within the flock; they can also be used to deceive other species or deter predators, adding another layer to their complex behaviors. Another remarkable part of their vocal behavior occurs during breeding season, when the birds become quiet, with all individuals remaining silent when caring for vulnerable babies in the nest.

Despite their adaptability, Green Jays, like many species, face threats from habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation and agricultural expansion. Protecting their natural habitats is crucial for their survival, highlighting the importance of conservation efforts in tropical and subtropical regions. Initiatives to preserve large tracts of forest and establish wildlife corridors are vital to maintaining the biodiversity and ecological integrity of these areas.

The Green Jay's presence enriches the tapestry of biodiversity in the Americas, reminding us of the beauty and complexity of the natural world. Their behavior and ecology offer fascinating insights into the workings of tropical ecosystems, emphasizing the need for conservation and the importance of each species in the web of life. As we strive to protect these vibrant birds and their habitats, we also safeguard the health and diversity of our planet for future generations.

Green Jay photo

Green Jay in Texas by Andy Morffew (CC BY 2.0 DEED)

Birdorable Green Jay Gifts

Birdorable Gray Jay in Canada

Last year, in a public poll conducted by the Royal Canadian Geographical Society, Canadian citizens voted for an unofficial national bird to represent their country. The finalists were: the Canada Goose, long associated with the national identiy; the Common Loon, a bird featured on Canadian currency; the Black-capped Chickadee; the Snowy Owl; and the Gray Jay. The Common Loon won the popular vote, but the Gray Jay was selected by Canadian Geographic to be Canada's new national bird.

Some of the birds on the list were already recognized as official provincial birds in Canada: the Black-capped Chickadee of New Brunswick; the Common Loon of Ontario; and the Snowy Owl of Quebec.

Gray Jays are found in all of Canada's provinces and remain on location year-round. These plucky little gregarious birds are known for their intelligence. Other jays officially representing Canada are the official provicial birds of Yukon (Common Raven), Prince Edward Island (Blue Jay) and British Columbia (Steller's Jay).

Officially, Canada has two animal national symbols that are recognized by the federal government: the beaver and the Canadian Horse share the title of National Animal of Canada. It is unclear if the government will recognize the Gray Jay, or any other species, as the National Bird of Canada.

Cute Gray Jay Gifts

Blue Jay

Blue Jays are large, bold songbirds that live across much of North America. They are common throughout their range, which includes the eastern two-thirds of the continent. Here are some facts about this familiar and widespread species.

  • There are at least four subspecies of Blue Jay accepted by most authorities. The Florida Blue Jay weighs an average of just 74 grams, while Northern Blue Jays weigh in at 92 grams or more. Plumage differences between the subspecies are subtle, with some birds showing brighter plumage than others. The other two subspecies are the Coastal Blue Jay and the Interior Blue Jay.
  • Blue Jays are omnivorous. They feed on a wide variety of food items, including large insects, acorns, bird seed, frogs, carrion, eggs from other birds, berries, and more. They love peanuts!
Blue Jay
Blue Jay by Martin Cathrae [CC BY-SA 2.0]
  • Blue Jays are in the Corvid family, a group of birds that includes crows and ravens and is known for intelligence and curiosity.
  • Blue Jays are generally year-round residents throughout most of their range. Birds may move seasonally depending on availability of food. But jays are also known to migrate in huge flocks around the Great Lakes and on the Atlantic coast. The reasons for this great movement is a mystery.
  • Blue Jays are skilled mimics. They are able to impersonate the calls of other birds, including raptors. A Blue Jay may mimic the call of a Red-tailed Hawk or a Red-shouldered Hawk in order to frighten other birds off of feeders so the jay can eat in peace. Calling out as a raptor may also serve to determine if any actual predatory birds are in the area.
  • Blue Jays are known to mob potential predators. A Blue Jay or a group of jays that finds a predator, like a bird of prey or a snake, will call out a warning to other birds. They will also chase or dive-bomb predators to get them to leave the area.
  • Blue Jays can raise or lower their crests. A crest at rest means the bird is relaxed. A raised crest indicates agression or excitement.
  • Adult male and female Blue Jays look alike. They have the same coloration all year.
Blue Jay
Blue Jay gathering nest material by Amy Evenstad for Birdorable
  • Blue Jays mate for life.
  • The longevity record for a Blue Jay living in captivity is over 26 years. The record for wild Blue Jays is over 17 years. This is known via bird banding programs.
  • Blue Jays are particularly susceptible to West Nile virus. The disease can deccimate populations locally, but recent outbreaks have not significantly affected the global Blue Jay population.
  • The Blue Jay is the official bird of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island.

Blue Jay Gifts from Birdorable

This week we'd like to highlight one of our newest designs featuring our home state and a bird that is very close to our heart. The Florida Scrub-Jay is the only endemic bird of the state of Florida and, with only a few thousand breeding pairs left, considered vulnerable to extinction. Show your support for this highly intelligent and beautiful bird. The design shows our cute Birdorable Florida Scrub-Jay in front of a faint outline of the state and the text "Save the Florida Scrub-Jay", shown here on a green unisex American Apparel t-shirt, which is made of 100% fine jersey cotton and made in the USA.

Save the Florida Scrub-Jay Men's T-Shirt

Other apparel styles with this design

Jay Intelligence Measured in Quality of Gifts

A recent study involving Eurasian Jays found that the birds, related to Blue Jays and crows, demonstrate an aspect of intelligence previously thought only to exist in humans. Male Eurasian Jays present their mates with gifts as part of their natural pair-bonding behavior. In the study, male jays were given the option to present their mates with a gift of a mealworm larvae or a moth larvae.

The male would observe the female bird eating either moth larvae or mealworm larvae, and depending on which the female had been eating, the male would offer her the other. The idea is that a "jay that’s gorged on moths will generally prefer to eat mealworms afterwards, and vice versa, just as a [human] satiated by chocolate will next take a slice of cake." This type of awareness of the feelings of others is called "theory of mind" and it was once believed that only humans had this kind of knowledge. You can read more about the study and see a short video of the experiment here: Gift-Giving Birds May Think Much Like People.

Give quality gifts like the Eurasian Jay

Today we proudly introduce the Birdorable Eurasian Jay!

Eurasian Jay

The Eurasian Jay, known simply as Jay by English-speakers in its range, is a species of corvid that lives across much of Europe and parts of Asia and northern Africa.

Eurasian Jay DSC_3334_1 by luc.viatour

These colorful relatives of crows and ravens are known for their ability to mimic the calls of other bird species, including predators like Tawny Owls and Eurasian Buzzards. They use this ability to taunt and intimidate potential predators, along with mobbing behavior, to drive them away.

Eurasian Jay

Tomorrow's bird is a colorful number from Down Under. Can you guess what it will be?

Birdorable Bonanza Preview

Many countries have an official national bird. For example, the national bird of Belgium is the Common Kestrel, and the national bird of Honduras is the Scarlet Macaw. All U.S. states also have official birds. But did you know that there are even some cities that have their own official bird?

The official city bird of Deltona, Florida is the state-endemic Florida Scrub-Jay. Birdorable headquarters recently moved from northern Illinois to central Florida, to a community close to Deltona. We are very lucky to have seen the official Deltona bird in the city itself, at the Lyonia Preserve park.

Florida Scrub-Jays live in a very specific type of habitat that is found in and around central Florida. By choosing a state and federally threatened species as the official city bird, Deltona helps bring awareness of this charismatic bird's status.

Birdorable Florida Scrub-Jay with the Flag of Deltona, Florida
Birdorable Florida Scrub-Jay with the flag of Deltona, Florida

Florida Scrub-Jay Fun Facts

Birdorable Scrub-Jay

1. The Florida Scrub-Jay is the only species of bird endemic to the state of Florida.

2. The Florida Scrub-Jay is a federally threatened species. Loss of their specific breeding habitat and their sedentary lifestyle contribute to their threatened status.

3. Florida Scrub-Jays are cooperative breeders. Offspring remain with their parents for subsequent broods, helping with feeding and defending territory.

Florida Scrub Jay
Florida Scrub-Jay by Amy Evenstad

4. Both male and female Florida Scrub-Jays are active during nesting, but with a strong division of labor. Males guard the territory and provide food for the family; females incubate the eggs and brood the chicks.

5. Florida Scrub-Jays have been observed perching on the backs of deer and feral pigs.

6. Florida Scrub-Jays are known to be extremely tame. They will take food from the hand or perch on humans who are providing them with treats. Feeding wild Scrub-Jays is not recommended, though, as it may endanger them by making them drop their guard around dangerous traffic situations and by triggering early breeding which may lead chicks to starve when natural food is not available.

7. The oldest known wild Florida Scrub-Jay lived to be 15.5 years of age.

8. The Florida Scrub-Jay is one of our cute Birdorable birds! The Florida Scrub-Jay was added to Birdorable on August 2nd, 2010.

Florida Scrub-Jay
Florida Scrub-Jay by Amy Evenstad

Cute Florida Scrub-Jay Gifts

ALERT: The Western Scrub-Jay was split into the California Scrub-Jay and Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay.
Birdorable Western Scrub-Jay

For 18 days we're adding a new Birdorable bird every day as part of our Birdorable Bonanza 2010. Today's bird is the Western Scrub-Jay! Western Scrub-Jays are members of the corvid family, along with crows and other jays. You can find these blue beauties in western North America, ranging from southern Washington to central Texas and central Mexico. They prefer low scrub and oak woods. These extremely clever birds store surplus food for future use. They are also known to steal food from other birds. They will even take measures to protect their own food stores from other thieving birds! You could say they have some food issues. ;)

Western Scrub-jay (Aphelocoma californica)
Western Scrub-jay (Aphelocoma californica) by Lorcan Keating

Tomorrow's bird is an Australian finch with rainbow colors. Can you guess what it is?